CC Flickr - guido lavorgna
PDO, PGI and TSG are the acronyms of quality as well as an identity card for some food products of excellence.
Protected designations of origin and geographical indications as well as specialities from the islands or from the mountains are linked to their geographical areas of origin and their traditional production methods. Through a system of identification and protection, the EU acts to protect the typical products of certain territories and their cultures also by trying to eliminate, at least partially, misuse and unfair competition. Pastries, artisanal pasta, pizza margherita, meats, mozzarella, oil, cheese, honey, beverage, chocolate, ice-cream and beers are now more protected and controlled under the “Package Quality” strengthening quality assurance standards (EU Regulation 1151/2012).
The recurrent words in this field talk about history. Traditional: a recipe that is at least one generation old – 30 years; speciality: the distinctive characteristics of an agricultural or food product that make it different from similar ones; guarantee: the certification and recognition resulting from the inclusion into an ad-hoc register.
Since the EU labels aim at increasing guarantees for producers and consumers, the traditional products Italy can pride itself of can be the trump card of several territories, rural areas and sometimes of disadvantaged regions. Moreover, thanks to the ex-office provision, all member states are allowed to take action against counterfeiting of protected products (e.g. the famous case of “parmisan”), even if the fraud is identified in another country .
Find attached the regulation.